Safely testing the alarm: close others' responses to personal positive events.

Author
Gable, Shelly L · Gosnell, Courtney L · Maisel, Natalya C · Strachman, Amy
Published online 2012-08-13
Journal Journal of personality and social psychology
  See all Details

Abstract

Previous research has shown that receiving social support in the face of negative events (i.e., enacted support) is sometimes correlated with positive outcomes, sometimes unrelated to outcomes, and sometimes associated with negative outcomes. However, people's perception that they have high-quality support available to them when they have a stressor (i.e., perceived support) is consistently and strongly associated with better health, well-being, and relationship functioning. However, both enacted and perceived support available in response to positive event disclosures are consistently associated with positive outcomes. In 2 studies, we examined why enacted support for negative events has such a spotty record and compared it with enacted support for positive events; a third study examined how support for positive events may be a major contributor to perceived availability of effective support for negative events. The results showed that providing responsive support to negative events is particularly difficult; received support for negative events disclosures (but not positive event disclosures) involves substantial drawbacks and risks, especially when that support is not responsive to the recipient's needs; and that enacted support for positive events was a better predictor of later perceptions of the quality of available support for stressors than enacted support for negative events. Findings are discussed in terms of implications for the social support literature and how positive relationship processes influence health and well-being, not only directly but also indirectly by providing critical information regarding the availability of others if a problem occurs.

Reviews

Write Review

Saving... Saving... Cancel Save Cancel

Details

Title
Safely testing the alarm: close others' responses to personal positive events.
Author
Gable, Shelly L · Gosnell, Courtney L · Maisel, Natalya C · Strachman, Amy
Published online
2012-08-13
Published
2012-12
Year
2012
Journal
Journal of personality and social psychology
Type*
Study · Research Article · ·
Language
eng
PMID
22889071
Keywords*
Family Characteristics · Interpersonal Relations · Personal Satisfaction · Social Perception · Social Support · Stress, Psychological · Psychology · Testing

Fields edited by Q-Sensei or Q-Sensei's users are marked with an asterisk (*).
This is Version 3 of this record. Q-Sensei Corp. added this version on May 20, 2013. It is an edited version of the original data import from MEDLINE®/PubMed®. View changes to the previous version or view the complete version history.