Begacestat (GSI-953): a novel, selective thiophene sulfonamide inhibitor of amyloid precursor protein gamma-secretase for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

Author
Martone, Robert L · Zhou, Hua · Atchison, Kevin · Comery, Thomas · Xu, Jane Z · Huang, Xinyi · Gong, Xioahai · Jin, Mei · Kreft, Anthony · Harrison, Boyd · Mayer, Scott C · Aschmies, Suzan · Gonzales, Cathleen · Zaleska, Margaret M · Riddell, David R · Wagner, Erik · Lu, Peimin · Sun, Shaiu-Ching · Sonnenberg-Reines, June · Oganesian, Aram · Adkins, Karissa · Leach, Michael W · Clarke, David W · Huryn, Donna · Abou-Gharbia, Magid · Magolda, Ronald · Bard, Jonathan · Frick, Glen · Raje, Sangeeta · Forlow, S Bradley et al.
Published online 2009-08-11
Journal The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
  See all Details

Abstract

The presenilin containing gamma-secretase complex is responsible for the regulated intramembraneous proteolysis of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), the Notch receptor, and a multitude of other substrates. gamma-Secretase catalyzes the final step in the generation of Abeta(40) and Abeta(42) peptides from APP. Amyloid beta-peptides (Abeta peptides) aggregate to form neurotoxic oligomers, senile plaques, and congophilic angiopathy, some of the cardinal pathologies associated with Alzheimer's disease. Although inhibition of this protease acting on APP may result in potentially therapeutic reductions of neurotoxic Abeta peptides, nonselective inhibition of the enzyme may cause severe adverse events as a result of impaired Notch receptor processing. Here, we report the preclinical pharmacological profile of GSI-953 (begacestat), a novel thiophene sulfonamide gamma-secretase inhibitor (GSI) that selectively inhibits cleavage of APP over Notch. This GSI inhibits Abeta production with low nanomolar potency in cellular and cell-free assays of gamma-secretase function, and displaces a tritiated analog of GSI-953 from enriched gamma-secretase enzyme complexes with similar potency. Cellular assays of Notch cleavage reveal that this compound is approximately 16-fold selective for the inhibition of APP cleavage. In the human APP-overexpressing Tg2576 transgenic mouse, treatment with this orally active compound results in a robust reduction in brain, plasma, and cerebral spinal fluid Abeta levels, and a reversal of contextual fear-conditioning deficits that are correlated with Abeta load. In healthy human volunteers, oral administration of a single dose of GSI-953 produces dose-dependent changes in plasma Abeta levels, confirming pharmacodynamic activity of GSI-953 in humans.

Reviews

Write Review

Saving... Saving... Cancel Save Cancel

Details

Title
Begacestat (GSI-953): a novel, selective thiophene sulfonamide inhibitor of amyloid precursor protein gamma-secretase for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
Author
Martone, Robert L · Zhou, Hua · Atchison, Kevin · Comery, Thomas · Xu, Jane Z · Huang, Xinyi · Gong, Xioahai · Jin, Mei · Kreft, Anthony · Harrison, Boyd · Mayer, Scott C · Aschmies, Suzan · Gonzales, Cathleen · Zaleska, Margaret M · Riddell, David R · Wagner, Erik · Lu, Peimin · Sun, Shaiu-Ching · Sonnenberg-Reines, June · Oganesian, Aram · Adkins, Karissa · Leach, Michael W · Clarke, David W · Huryn, Donna · Abou-Gharbia, Magid · Magolda, Ronald · Bard, Jonathan · Frick, Glen · Raje, Sangeeta · Forlow, S Bradley · Balliet, Carrie · Burczynski, Michael E · Reinhart, Peter H · Wan, Hong I · Pangalos, Menelas N · Jacobsen, J Steven
Published online
2009-08-11
Published
2009-11
Year
2009
Journal
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
Type
Research Article ·
Language
eng
PMID
19671883
Keywords*
Alzheimer Disease · Drug Therapy · Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases · Antagonists & Inhibitors · Enzyme Inhibitors · Pharmacology · Sulfonamides · Thiophenes · Amyloid · gamma-Secretase · Treatment · Disease

Fields edited by Q-Sensei or Q-Sensei's users are marked with an asterisk (*).
This is Version 3 of this record. Q-Sensei Corp. added this version on January 5, 2010. It is an edited version of the original data import from MEDLINE®/PubMed®. View changes to the previous version or view the complete version history.